Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the land or soil.
It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops, maintenance of landscapes, and re-vegetation of disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall.
Irrigation can also be used in protecting plants against frost, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation, dust suppression, disposal of sewage, and in mining.
Irrigation is concomitant with Drainage, which is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area.
Types Of Irrigation Offered At SIRACO.
Various types of irrigation techniques differ in how the water obtained from the source is distributed within the field. In general, the goal is to supply the entire field uniformly with water, so that each plant has the amount of water it needs that is neither too much nor too little. The type of irrigation used can be inspired by many factors; SIRACO engineers will professionally guide you on which irrigation system is appropriate for your crops; kindly contact us today.
Water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it.
This method can be the most water-efficient method of irrigation , if managed properly, since evaporation and runoff are minimized. The field water efficiency of drip irrigation is 80 to 90 percent. At SIRACO, we advise combination of drip irrigation with mulch, further reducing evaporation, and is also the mean of delivery of fertilizer through a method known as fertigation. Deep percolation where water moves below the roots zone can occur if a drip system is operation for long or if delivery rate is too high . Our professional guidance will guide you against this. Drip irrigation method ranges from very high-tech and computerized to low-tech and labor –intensive. Drip irrigation spray or micro sprinkler irrigation and bubbler irrigation belong to this category of irrigation methods. In sprinkler or overhead irrigation, water is piped to one more central location within the field and distributed by overhead high pressure sprinklers or guns.